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Teploizoljatsionnye materials and products

Teploizoljatsionnye materials are used for warming and improvement of sound insulation of protecting designs of an apartment house (walls, overlappings, partitions), and also for protection from promerzanija water and sewer pipes. By the industry are issued teploizoljatsionnye materials and products on the basis of a mineral and glass fibre, asbestos, vspuchennogo perlita, polymeric and local materials and an industrial production waste. Such widely known fillers for easy concrete as slags and keramzit, also are widely applied as heaters.

Mineral cotton wool and products from it. Mineral cotton wool the fibrous material received from silicate rasplavov of rocks and metallurgical slags or their mixes. nedefitsitnost raw materials and the simple "know-how" provide wide application of products from mineral cotton wool for heat and sound insulation of buildings. Mineral cotton wool negorjucha, is not a nutrient medium for development of fungi, but can be surprised them if they have preliminary developed in other environment, for example in wooden designs. Other lacks of mineral cotton wool concern pylenie at packing and consolidation at its long operation in quality warmly and a sound-proof material. Mineral cotton wool store under a canopy protecting it from humidifying and pollution. At work with it it is necessary to provide measures on protection from pylenija. Considering deterioration izoljatsionnyh properties of mineral cotton wool at consolidation, as a heater and a sound-proof material it is necessary to limit its application. Industrial products from it plates and floor-mats are more effective for these purposes.

Mineralovatnye of a plate produced on the basis of synthetic binding and additives, depending on average density, subdivide into marks: 50; 75; 125; 175; 200; 300, They are issued by length 1000, width 500 and 1000 mm at a thickness 40... 100 mm (depending on mark, except plates of mark 300). Plates of mark 300 have length 900; 1200 and 1800 mm at width 600; 900; 1800 mm. Plates are steady against influence low and heats. Are recommended for use as a sound-proof layer at the device of modular partitions, and also for isolation of pipes.

Mineralovatnye of a plate of the raised rigidity are produced in the sizes 1000X500X40. 60 mm. Are applied to warming of external walls, partitions and overlappings. At use as thermal isolation of overlappings on these plates it is possible to stack a rolled roof without a levelling coupler.

Mineralovatnye of a plate on bitumen binding also subdivide into marks depending on average density: 75; 100; 150; 200; 250. Plates of marks 75 and 100 are issued by length 1000, 1500 and 2000 mm, width 500 and 1000, thickness 50. 100 mm (with gradation of 10 mm), plates of marks in 150 and 200 length of 1000 and 1500 mm at the same width and a thickness, marks in 250 sizes 1000X500X40... 70 mm. Use for warming of walls, improvement of sound insulation of partitions. At storage of plates it is necessary to take measures on their protection against mechanical damages, humidifying and action of direct solar beams.

Mineralovagnye proshivnye floor-mats of a panel from mineral cotton wool with facings with one or from two parties, stitched by a kapron thread, a twine from lubjanyh fibres, glass threads, etc. As facings the metal grid, an asbestine fabric, fiber glass fabric, a roofing cardboard, a packing bitumen paper are used, etc. floor-mats and without facings Are issued. The sizes of floor-mats, mm: length 1000... 2500, width 500... 2500, a thickness 40... 1 20. Depending on average density floor-mats subdivide into marks 75, 100 and 125. Floor-mats with facings can be used for heat and sound insulation of the modular partitions established in heated premises, however at packing they are necessary for fixing to a vertical surface of partitions for their prevention at with and d to and. Floor-mats can be used for a thermal protection of external walls, overlappings and pipes.

Products from fiber glass

Plates from fiber glass are produced from shtapelnyh the glass fibres which have been stuck together among themselves by synthetic pitches. Rigid building plates of marks ПЖС175 and ПЖС200, let out in the sizes 1000Х1500X50... 70 mm, apply for heat and sound insulation of all protecting designs. Plates ПЖС200, besides, can be used in overlappings with packing of a rolled roof without a levelling coupler.

Semifixed building plates of marks ППС50 and ППС75 are issued by length 1000, width 500; 900; 1000 and 1500, thickness 50; 60; 70 and 80 mm.
Them apply to a thermal protection of external walls, overlappings, and also for improvement of sound insulation of partitions.

Semifixed technical plates ППТ40 are issued by the sizes 1000... 1500X475... 950X50... 80 mm, their Face sheets are pasted over by fiber glass fabric, an aluminium foil, a synthetic film or another obkladochnym a material. Semifixed technical plates of marks ППТ50 and ППТ75 produce in the length 1000, in the width 500; 900; 1000 and 1500, thickness 30. 80 mm (with gradation of 10 mm).

Floor-mats and strips from fiber glass represent the multilayered packages covered from two parties with fiber glass fabric and stitched in longitudinal or cross-section directions by cotton or glass threads. The industry lets out also floor-mats from shtapelnogo fiber glasses on binding (fenolformaldegidnoj to pitch). Floor-mats are pasted over with a synthetic film or an aluminium foil. The sizes of floor-mats, mm: length 1 400... 1 3 000, width 500; 900; 1000 and 1500, a thickness 30; 40; 50; 60; 70 and 80; from shtapelnogo fiber glasses on fenolformaldegidnom binding length 575, width 50... 100, a thickness 20... 40 mm (with gradation of 5 mm). Floor-mats and strips apply, as a rule, to a thermal protection of pipelines.

Products from asbestos

The Mineral of a fibrous structure asbestos lies in breed in the form of separate veins. An asbestine fibre receive at enrichment of mineral ore. In the course of processing it is split and by means of drum-type sit is divided into grades (s dependences on length of a fibre, presence of a dust and other impurity). Asbestos, as a rule, is used as reinforcing substance at manufacturing teploizoljatsionnyh products with application of other materials. In the pure state it is applied to manufacturing of a cardboard and cords.

The Asbestine cardboard the sheet material produced from asbestos 4 and 5го of grades with napolnitelem and sticking together substance. It is issued in the form of sheets in the sizes, mm: 900X900; 600Х10ОО; 800Х10ОО; 900Х10ОО; 10ООХ10ОО at a thickness 2; 2,5; 3; 4; 5; 6; 8; 10 mm. Its average density 1000... 1400 kg/m3. It is applied in quality teploizoljatsionnogo and a fireproof material.

Asbestine cords in diameter 3... 25 mm receive from asbestine fibres. Are applied to a thermal protection of pipelines in diameter to 76 mm.

Products from vspuchennogo perlita

The Porous easy material vspuchennyj perlit receive by thermal processing perlita or obsidiana products of volcanic eruption. Vspuchivanie occurs at the expense of steam formed in breed. Thus the volume perlita increases to 10 times. After roasting vspuchennyj perlit depending on the size of grains it is divided into sand (less than 5 mm) and rubble (5... 20 mm).

Vspuchennyj perlitovyj sand is applied as a filler at manufacturing teploi sound-proof materials, and also for teploizoljatsionnyh zasypok. Vspuchennyj perlitovyj rubble is used as a filler for easy concrete.

Perlitofosfogelevye of a product are produced from vspuchennogo perlitovogo sand, liquid glass, ortofosfornoj acids with the additive of reinforcing fibrous materials (for example, asbestos). Products are issued with gidroizoljatsionnouprochnjajushchim by a covering in the form of plates, semicylinders and segments. The sizes of plates, mm: length 450; 500; 900; 1000, width 250; 450; 500; a thickness 40... 100. The sizes of semicylinders, mm: length 500, internal diameter 57... 159 mm, a thickness 40... 80. The sizes of segments, mm: length 500, internal diameter 219... 426, a thickness 50... 80. Products on average density subdivide into marks 200; 250 and 300. Perlitobitumnye products are applied to a thermal protection of protecting designs and pipelines.

Perlitobitumnye of a plate are produced from vspuchennogo perlitovogo sand, clay, bitumen binding with the additive or without the asbestos additive. Mm are issued by the sizes: in the length 500 and 1000, width 500, thickness 40, 50, 60. On average density are subdivided into marks: 200; 225; 250 and 300. Plates use for a thermal protection of protecting designs of buildings, semicylinders and segments for isolation of pipelines.

Because vspuchennyj perlit gigroskopichen, all products made with its application, it is necessary to store in covered premises or under a canopy in the packed kind, without supposing their humidifying.

Polymeric materials

Expanded polystyrene produce from emulsionnogo and suspenzionnogo polystyrene accordingly bespressovym (mark PS) and pressovym (mark PSB) ways. It represents plates of white colour with porous structure (PS) and in the form of the granules soldered with each other (PSB). Plates are issued by length 600... 2200, width 500... 1600, thickness 25; 33; 50; 60; 70 and 100 mm. The average density makes 20... 200 kg/m3, strength on compression 0,5... 1,5 kgs/sm depending on marks of products. Polistirolnye plates apply for heat of sound insulation of protecting designs.

Polyfoams on a basis fenolformaldegidmyh pitches the most widespread and cheap teploizoljatsionnye materials, for which manufacturing, except fenolformaldegidnyh pitches,
Use gazoobrazovateli and napolniteli (fiber glass, aluminium powder, etc.).

The Industry lets out teploizoljatsionnye plates on a basis fenolformaldegidnyh pitches of following marks: FF, ФК20, ФС72, etc. Polyfoam FF is cold-resistant, polyfoam ФК20 to group of the combustible concerns group trudnogorjuchih materials. They are issued in the form of the plates covered from two parties with a paper, the sizes 480X^80X50 mm. Colour of plates from yellow to the brown. The average density makes 170... 210 kg/m3.

Polyfoam ФС72 trudnogorjuchy a material. It is produced in the form of plates in the sizes 1200X1900, 1000X500, 1200X600, 1200X700, 1200X900 mm at a thickness 25; 30; 35; 40 and 60 mm. They also are covered by a paper from two parties. Polyfoams should be stored in the packed kind in the dry, not heated, closed and ventilated premise.

Wood-fiber plates receive hot pressing of the fibrous weight consisting of fibres of wood, water, napolnitelej and synthetic additives. To thermal isolation apply the soft plates having high porosity and average density to 350 kg/m3. The industry lets out plates of marks 4; in 12 and 20 length 1200... 3000, width 1200 and 1770 mm, thickness 8; 12; 16; 20 and 25 mm. Plates apply to warming of walls and overlappings. To store these products it is recommended in the closed premises in horizontal position.

Teploizoljatsionnye of a product, from local materials

Peat teploizoljatsionnye products produce from slaborazlozhivshegosja the young peat which has kept a fibrous structure of peat-forming plants. The industry lets out plates in length of 1000 mm. Depending on average density them subdivide into marks 170; 200; 230 and 260. Plates apply to thermal isolation of protecting designs.

Arbolit easy derevobeton on the mineral knitting. For manufacturing it is used by a waste lesopilenija and processings of wood of various breeds of a pine, a fur-tree, a larch, a birch, an oak, etc., and also branches, replace boughs, etc. In some cases wood sechkoj a cane, kostritsej a hemp, etc. As mineral knitting apply portlandtsement marks 400 and 500 more often, is more rare izvest with hydraulic additives and on occasion magnezialnyj cement or plaster. For acceleration tverdenija, and also neutralisations of extracts of wood in a mix add chloride calcium, liquid glass, sernokislyj alumina.

"The Know-how" arbolita is based on use of serially let out equipment (rubilnyh cars, molotkovyh crushers, vibrating grohotov, rastvorosmesitelej, etc.). Its manufacturing can be organised low-capacity works of ferro-concrete products or the intercollective-farm organisation. Arbolit it is characterised by small density, good teploizoljatsionnymi qualities, fire resistance, sufficient durability, resistibility to rotting. Depending on these indicators a material subdivide on teploizoljatsionnyj and konstruktsionnoteploizoljatsionnyj. On durability on compression distinguish five marks: 5; 10; 15; 25; 35. Products from arbolita apply to the device of walls (no more than two floors), partitions, a thermal protection of protecting designs in premises with dry and normal vlazhnostnym a mode. For walls of cellars and socles arbolit it is not suitable.

Fibrolit produce from the thin long wood shavings fastened portlandtsementom. The Manufacturing techniques fibrolita consist in reception of a shaving (wool) in length to 500, width 1... 4 and thickness 0,2... 0,7 mm, processing by its solution of chloride calcium and mixing with portlandtsementom marks not more low 400, loading of the received weight in metal forms with the subsequent pressing and drying. Fibrolit is issued three marks: 300; 400; 500, density accordingly 300... 350, 350... 450 and more 450 kg/m3. The material is produced in the form of plates in length 2400 and 3000, width 500; 600 and 1200, thickness 30; 50; 75 and 100 mm. Plates of mark 300 teploizoljatsionnye. They are used for warming of thin brick and concrete walls. Plates of marks 400 and 500 are applied to warming of walls of garret overlappings and partitions.

Ksilobeton receive from cement and sawdust. In certain cases, except sawdust, in weight add shavings, the sand, the granulated slag, it is possible to make a marble flour or a crumb, etc. Ksilobeton on a building site. For this purpose take in certain quantities cement, sawdust and if it is necessary, others napolniteli and carefully mix them. In the received mix add water, again mix before reception of a homogeneous mix which stack then in the wooden form in the sizes 1000Х500Х100 mm. The form grease with the fulfilled lubricating oil, water suspension of clay, etc. the Plate type durability within 28 days. Ksilobetonnye plates are used for warming of coverings of houses. They bio also are fire-resistant, but gigroskopichny, therefore to store them it is necessary in the closed premises.

Glinokamyshitovye of a plate produce from the cleared stalks of a cane laid in some numbers perpendicularly one to another. The distance between stalks makes no more than 1 Each number of the laid cane see fill with a layer of a dense clay solution. The sizes of plates 1000X550X70 mm. Formation of products is made in sbornorazbornyh wooden boxes. Dry them in atmospheric conditions within several days. Plates can be produced by own strength. Are used for warming of overlappings with the subsequent oshtukaturivaniem a clay solution and izvestju.

In addition on a theme "Building ьр=хЁшры№":

Building materials
Constructional materials
the Materials used at drawing up of solutions
Roofing materials
Materials from wood
Finishing materials

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