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Roofing materials

As a knitting material bitumen, an oil refining product is used. Us the building bitumens designated BN, and roofing BNK will interest only. From the figures put after mark, for example, БН90/10 or БНК90/40, the first designates temperature of its softening, the second temperature at which in bitumen it is possible to thrust a needle.

At roofing works the temperature of fusion of applied bitumen should not be less than 80~90 °s. Having impregnated with bitumen a roofing cardboard, receive the roofing material divided on roofing, lining and izoljatsionnyj. Roofing marks PKK50OA, РКК400Б, РКК400В it is applied to the top coat layer, has pylevidnuju posypku from the inside and coarse-grained from the external. The index 350 means that the given marks of roofing material can be used for a waterproofing, the bottom and top layer of a roof. Only for the bottom layers and a waterproofing there are marks with an index 300.

Roofing felt differs from roofing material that is too a roofing cardboard, but impregnated with tar. The sphere of application of its different marks is characterised by the same indexes.

Roofing iron (a steel tonkolistovaja roofing) is issued in the thickness from 0,35 to 0,8 mm, the length of sheet changes from 710 to 200мм, width from 510 to 1000мм. Except simple sheets of a so-called black steel, let out and zinced which on 25% is heavier.

the Tile from the burnt pressed clay is issued flat tape, the heaviest, its square metre weighs 60 kg, grooving stamped 50 kg, grooving tape and konkovaja.

From new durable and practical roofing materials we name a metal tile , being a steel sheet of a various profile with a polymeric covering from poliestra, plastizola, etc. Its square metre weighs on the average 4,5 kg.

Roofing materials also concern let out by the industry rolled (roofing material, ekarbit, roofing felt, pergamin and dr). Roofing material produce impregnation of a special cardboard by soft oil roofing bitumen with the subsequent covering from two parties refractory bitumen and drawing of a continuous layer posypki. Some kinds of roofing material roofing, lining, naplavljaemyj, ekarbit are issued.

Roofing roofing material , having coarse-grained posypku with obverse and pylevidnuju from the bottom party, is applied for nastilki the top layers of a roofing carpet. 1000 and 1025 mm, Weight of a roll 21 are issued in rolls in width 750... 37 kg, the area of a carpet of 7,5 or 10 m 2 .

Lining roofing material , having pylevidnuju posypku from both parties, is used for nastilki the bottom layers of a roofing carpet. Width of a panel the same, as at usual roofing material. Weight of a roll 22. 30 kg, the area of a carpet of 10 or 15 m 2 .

Naplavljaemyj roofing material represents the strengthened rolled material received by impregnation of a roofing cardboard by soft oil bitumens. To destination it subdivide on roofing and lining. It differs from usual roofing material that paste it without mastics by fusion of thickenings of an integumentary layer by heating. Is issued in rolls in width 750; 1000; 1025 and 1050 mm. Weight of a roll 31... 37 kg.

Ekarbit also is produced on the basis of a cardboard impregnated with bitumen, with an integumentary layer from polimerbitumnoj compositions bitep. Depending on mark ekarbit it can be applied to the device of the top layer (ЭБК-4201,5, ЭБК-4202,0, ЭБК-5003,0) and the bottom layers of a carpet (ЭБМ-3501,0, ЭБМ-4201,5). Width plotnishcha 750; 1000; 1025 and 1050 mm. Weight of a roll 21... 35 kg, the area of a carpet of 5 and 10 m 2 .

Stekloruberoid is made on a glass-fiber basis. Depending on a kind posypki on a face sheet it subdivide into marks: SRK with coarse-grained, SRI with scaly and SRM with small or pylevidnoj posypkoj from two parties. It is applied to the device of the top and bottom layer of a roofing carpet. Is issued in rolls in width 950. 1000 mm. Weight of a roll of 23 kg, the area of a carpet of 10 m 2 .

Roofing felt the roofing and waterproofing receive impregnation of a roofing cardboard coal or slate degtevymi products with the subsequent drawing on a surface mineral posypki.
Roofing roofing felt use for the device of the top layers of a roofing carpet, waterproofing for protection against humidifying of building designs. Is issued by rolls in width 1000... 1050 mm, Weight of a roll 22... 28 kg, the area of a carpet of 10 m 2 .

Pergamin produce impregnation of a roofing cardboard by soft oil bitumens, At varies as a lining material under roofing material. Is issued in rolls in width 1000... 1025 mm. Weight of a roll of 26 kg, the area of a carpet of 40 m 2 .

To asbestotsementnym to roofing materials carry asbestotsementnye plates and profilirovannye sheets. These products receive as a result of hardening of the formed mix from asbestos, portlandtsementa and waters.

Asbestotsementnye of a plate let out rectangular (the sizes 400X200X4 mm), including with two edging corners, and six-coal (with the maximum sizes 400Х400Х Х4 mm) forms. Besides, produce also dobornye products regional tiles and the fads. Plates can be painted on all thickness or only on a surface. profilirovannye (wavy) asbestotsementnye sheets, including the ordinary, average, high strengthened and unified profiles, let out various height and a wave step.

Asbestotsementnye produce wavy sheets of an ordinary profile complete with details for the roof device konkovymi, angular and lotkovymi. Konkovye details are intended for the device of the fads, angular for the device of transition of a slope of a roof to smoke and ventilating pipes, etc., lotkovye for the drain device. Sheets let out in the sizes 1200X686X5,5 mm. A wave step the height makes 115, of 28 mm. Sheets of an average profile 40/150 also are produced complete with details for the device of roofs. They can have eight or a seven-wave profile. Length of sheets 1750 and 2500, width 1130 and 980 (accordingly eight and seven-wave), a thickness 5,8... 6,0 mm. A step of a wave 150, height of 40 mm. The complete set of details to sheets is supplemented konkovymi with details (blocked and blocking).

Asbestotsementnye wavy sheets of a high profile 51/177 have a cross-section seven-wave profile, length 1750; 2000 or 2500 mm, width 1150 and a thickness of 6 mm. The height of a wave of such sheets makes 51 mm with step of 177 mm.

Asbestotsementnye wavy sheets of the strengthened profile have a six-wave cross-section profile. Length of sheets 2800, width 1000, a thickness of 8 mm. Height of a wave of 50 mm at a step of a wave of 167 mm. To such sheets the set of the details including konkovuju, transitive, grebennuju and angular details is provided. Sheets of the unified profile are issued complete with details. They have a six-wave profile, length 1750; 2000 or 2500 mm, width 1125 and a thickness of 7,5 or 6 mm. Height of a wave of 54 mm at a step of a wave of 200 mm. Into the complete set of details enter konkovye details (blocked and blocking), transitive, ravnobokaja, angular, lotkovaja and grebennaja. Sheets and details can be painted and unpainted.

Thin asbestotsementnye (to 6 mm) sheets cut as follows: a sharp chisel notch a deep groove, then a plate break, having put it to an equal side of a table. If the rough end face of a break has turned out, it smooth out a file. Thicker plates, and also wavy sheets are necessary for cutting an electric saw for metal. Apertures drill also drills for metal.

To waterproofing materials carry all rolled materials applied to the device of roofs. However, except listed above roofing material, roofing felt, pergamina etc., for a waterproofing use both other materials and products, for example gidroizol, brizol, isol, a polyethylene and polyvinylchloride film, etc.

Gidroizol produce on the basis of not decaying asbestine paper impregnated with oil oxidised bitumens. Apply in quality okleechnoj waterproofings on the basis of mastics of the same structures, as roofing material.

Brizol - bezosnovnyj paper bitumnorezinovyj a material. It is applied at a waterproofing of an underground part of a building.

Isol - bezosnovnyj the rolled material received from rezinobitumnogo knitting. It is used for okleechnoj waterproofings of walls of cellars. "Isol" or hot bitumen mastic is pasted by mastic.

the Polyethylene film one of the most effective waterproofing materials.
Its advantages in comparison with other rolled materials {pergaminom, roofing felt, gidroizolom) are high gnilostojkost and chemical firmness in excited environments. It apply as a waterproofing of the bases. Approximately the same properties characterise also a polyvinylchloride film.

To a painting waterproofing apply degtebitumnye, bitumnopolimernye and polymeric structures. To degtebitumnym to materials carry emulsbit, representing bitumen emulsiju, consisting of bitumen (50%), waters and emulgatora.

The Industry lets out also butilkauchukovye waterproofing mastics of three marks: КЗХ-2, КЗХ-40 or УПБ-1. Mastics КЗХ-2 and КЗХ-40 should be put only on dried up, and УПБ-1 can keep within and on a damp surface. Mastic UPB consists of two components which before use mix up.

High waterproofing properties characterise also bitumnopolietilenovaja a composition (BIPE).

For a waterproofing of an underground part of the house, except specified above, it is possible to use mastichnye waterproofing coverings. Bitumen pastes, in particular, concern them and emulsii which consist of two making waters and bitumen. Bitumen emulsionnaja mastic represents a mix of bitumen paste or emulsii with napolniteljami. After their drawing the plastic water-proof film is formed.

In building use also a number of other special painting waterproofing coverings. It aljuminobitumnaja emulsionnaja a paint, various kinds of enamels, epoksidnye coverings, varnishes, etc.

Germetizirujushchie produce materials in the form of mastics, pastes, linings, etc. With them condense joints of modular elements of the house, intervals between window and door blocks, windows, doors etc. For builders such condensing linings can be of interest for windows, as penopoliuretanovye in the form of strips 10X8 mm, poroizol PAS marks, PB, PV in diameter 20; 30; 40; 50 and 60 or section of ZOH Х40 and 40X60 mm, buteprol-2 in the form of a tape the section area 25X5 and З0Х7 mm.

In addition on a theme "Building ьр=хЁшры№":

Building materials
Constructional materials
the Materials used at drawing up of solutions
Materials from wood
Teploizoljatsionnye materials and products
Finishing materials

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