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Pasting of surfaces

Operations on pasting of surfaces by film and rolled materials include:

  • preparation of materials; drawing of a vertical line;
  • otvodku surfaces;
  • drawing of gluing structure;
  • gluing, smoothing and prirezku panels.

Preparation of materials consists in a scrap of edges of wall-paper, definition of uniformity of colour and drawing e rolls, razrezke them on panels and levelling. Paper wall-paper usually has edges on lateral faces in width 1,0... 1,5 sm which are cut off If wall-paper pastes end-to-end, cut off an edge from two parties, if vnahlestku cut off only that party which will block a seam. Edges cut off scissors or sharply ground knife under a steel ruler. Edges at films on a fabric basis are necessary for cutting off only a knife under a steel ruler. Other kinds of materials of edges have no.

After scraps of edges the materials intended for a label, it is necessary to examine attentively in well shined premise for the purpose of definition of their uniformity on colour and tone, and also for detection of defects. Rolls homogeneous for colour are necessary for selecting and using for pasting of the most responsible sites of a premise. Materials not corresponding on colour can be used in places with bad illumination or there where there is a furniture. The rejected sites of a finishing material are necessary for considering at raskroe panels as there can be a requirement and for short pieces for pasting of walls over windows, over doorways, behind radiators.

Rolls cut on the pieces equal to distance from a line of top of wall-paper to a floor, with an allowance 5... 10 sm that will allow to avoid marriage in work in case of fluctuations of height of a premise and usadki a material. At razrezke wall-paper or films with drawing each following panel is necessary for measuring on earlier cut off by combination of drawings. It is necessary to consider that at large drawing the material part at raskroe will inevitably leave in a waste. By preparation of such materials as films on a fabric basis, bezosnovnye films, vinisten, it is necessary to examine rolls carefully. If they were stored incorrectly and deformed, after razrezki on panels folds will be visible. In this case panels should be combined a pile in a warm premise for days so that they were smoothed. Bezosnovnye films and vinisten can be straightened in a bathroom with hot water. The panels straightened in water stack on an equal surface and wipe.

Linkrust before a label is necessary for presoaking. For this purpose it cut on pieces, turn off in rolls and presoak in hot water at 70... 80 "With on 5... 10 minutes After that take out rolls from water and display on an equal surface a face sheet upwards. In such position a material leave on 10... 12 ch. In this time it will shrink that will allow to avoid it at a label. As shows experiment, linkrust, pasted without such preparation, it is softened under the influence of glue, and then shrinks, forming intervals between seams to 10 mm. Edges at linkrusta also cut off by means of long rejki and sharply perfected knife.

The Vertical line for gluing of the first panel put so that all subsequent panels have been pasted strictly vertically as it is important for drawing preservation. It is possible to put a vertical line not only in premise corners, but also in other places of a wall. The first vertical line is put on distance from a corner, equal to width of a piece of a material with its start on the following wall for the width 10... 15 see to beat off this line, a plumb with a cord, preliminary polished chalk, put to noted place, hardly pull from top to bottom, take away from a wall a little and release. Having hit about a wall, the cord leaves an equal vertical cretaceous line.

Otvodka of walls - promazyvanie glutinous structure of a strip the in width of 10 sm in the area of top of wall-paper, and also in corners and at plinths for stronger gluing of panels. Drawing of gluing structure on film and rolled materials is carried out on a long table or on a floor, laid by a paper. The table can be built from stools and the deaf door cloths laid on them.

Intended for pasting of walls of a panel stack a pile a face sheet downwards so that the edge of each underlaying panel acted on 10 mm. Gluing structure on all kinds of materials put brushes (mahovoj, maklovitsej or flejtsem) on length of a panel.
Exception make bezosnovnye films and vinisten, it is necessary to put on which gluing mastics gear shpatelem.

Paper wall-paper smears with the paste which temperature should be not above 30 °s. Hot paste can spoil a paint on wall-paper. At a label of wall-paper on a warm wall with a flue heating should be stopped to prevent drying of glue and caused by it otkleivanie wall-paper. Besides, it is necessary to consider also that plaster on an oven wall dried up, therefore before gluing of its wall-paper it is necessary to cover with the dissolved glue.

Films on a paper basis (isocaptivity) smear 6% with th solution of glue KMTS, films on a fabric basis - glue "Bustilat" or "Gumilaks". For a label penoplena use glue KMTS, polivinilatsetatnuju emulsiju, and also glues "Bustilat" and "Gumilaks". Bezosnovnye films and vinisten paste kumarono-najritovymi mastics КН-2 or КН-3. They can be pasted also by means of mastics "Sintelaks" and "Bustilat". Linkrust it is pasted by flour paste with addition of animal glue, polivinilatsetatnoj emulsiej and other glues which are used for pasting of wall-paper on paper and fabric bases.

The Label, smoothing and prirezka are carried out on the following technology. The first panel smeared with glutinous structure put, bring to a wall and put the top edge to a line of top of wall-paper, and lateral - it is strict to a vertical line. If two persons one smears a panel with paste work, puts it, takes two hands and submits to another, standing on a step-ladder or podmostjah (table), which beret for one end the smeared cloth and dismisses it. The first working, being below, takes two hands for the bottom end of a panel, slightly pulls it and an edge puts to a vertical line. After that a panel smooth a soft brush or a rag, beginning from the middle of a panel with transition to edges. Thus it is necessary to watch, that wrinkles, folds and bubbles were not formed. If the bubble all the same was formed, it should be pierced or made a small cut the sharp razor, to remove air and to smooth. After that start a label of the second panel.

Paper wall-paper pastes with nahlestkoj edges in a window direction so that the upper edge of wall-paper strictly lay on beaten off before a line, and the cut off edge blocked not cut off the previous panel. It is very important to track drawing combination thus. If drawing is not combined, the panel can be pulled on previous to drawing combination. Having reached a premise corner, last panel should be tried on and cut lengthways so that it blocked a premise corner on 3... 4 Gluing of a following panel see will begin from a corner.

If pasting by wall-paper is carried out by one working, the panel for resocks from a place of drawing of glue to a step-ladder develops in more compact package bending back of its bottom part. Becoming on a step-ladder, a panel put to a wall on marks, dismiss and smooth, since its top part. Dense wall-paper with the cut off edges from two parties pastes end-to-end in the way which does not differ from described earlier. Dense wall-paper coats with paste two times that the paper has got necessary softness and humidity. Films on a paper basis paste (isoglues) vnahlestku with adjustment of relief drawing. Seams carefully smooth with a damp rag. Surpluses of the glue which has been squeezed out at smoothing, also delete a damp sponge or rags, Films on a paper basis are necessary for getting for plinths and platbands, instead of to cut off on them,

Films on a fabric basis, and also bezosnovnye paste to a wall vnahlestku for the width of 10-20 mm with the subsequent smoothing of seams elastic rubber or plastic shpatelem - from the center of panels to edges and from top to a bottom. The pasted panels maintain 3... 4 ch, and then prirezajut on the middle of a seam by means of a metal ruler, and a sharp knife or the razor in the holder. The killed edges coat with glue, connect end-to-end and smooth down, After the termination of works by a rigid brush by means of a warm soap solution delete stains of glue at seams and on a panel. Removal of bubbles and swellings is made in the sequence described above.

Samoklejushchujusja should be pasted a film so. From the panel cut off to necessary length remove (turn on) a protective paper on a site 8... 10 sm from a gluing surface izakrepljajut in the area of top of wall-paper. Then from a panel remove a protective paper on all length, tearing off from a wall and verifying on a vertical line. The top end of a panel again fix in the area of top of wall-paper and drive into the corner from top to down and from the center to edges a soft brush.
In case of formation of vials or wrinkles the film in this place should be unstuck and again to press a brush. Definitively pasted film smooth with a pure rag. Small bubbles delete, as is described above. A following panel paste vnahlestku with napuskom 9... 10 mm on other panel. Edges should be turned towards a window that the seam did not give a shade.

Linkrust is glued on walls, as wall-paper. The panel smeared with paste one of working, being on podmostjah, a beret for an upper edge, and another - for bottom. A panel put to a wall on the top line of wall-paper and a vertical line, and then smooth. The following and other panels paste end-to-end so that it was not appreciable joints and drawing coincided. In some cases linkrust paint oil or enamel paints. However it is possible to do it only after linkrust will well dry out.

Vinisten is pasted kumarono-najritovymi by mastics КН-2, КН-3 or and Bustilatom ", At a label mastics КН-2, КН-3 the revetted surface and the back party of panels vinistena one days prior to a label are coated with mastic a layer in the thickness 0,5. 0,3 mm by means of gear shpatelja. For 20., 30 mines before gluing the back party of panels is again coated with a thin layer of glue by means of a rigid brush.

The panel Prepared thus is brought to a wall and nestles on it on a plumb and on the top line. After that it is smoothed with a brush and a rag. The following panel is glued end-to-end. If vinisten it is glued on "Bustilate" glue is put directly ahead of panel gluing on its back party gear shpatelem a layer 1,0... 1,2 mm. A panel drive into the corner on a vertical line and carefully smooth." Bustilata possesses smaller viscosity, than КН-2 and КН-3, therefore at once after gluing the heavy sheet vinistena can slip from a wall. In this case it needs to be fixed temporarily in the top part of sheet by means of a wooden lath and thin nails, on one third hammered into plaster. In a day nails and a lath remove. Vinisten it is difficult to glue in the corners, therefore the panel adjoining a corner is recommended to be cut so that its edge repeated a corner. As raskraivajut and the following panel pasted on other wall of a corner. If the joint nevertheless is swept up that can be caused presence of a rough corner it is possible to cover it wooden rejkoj, covered with a varnish.

Penoplen, as well as vinisten, is pasted end-to-end. penoplena it is necessary to put gluing structures on the back party densely. In connection with considerable thickness and a relief surface penoplena it is difficult for pasting in corners. That it did not lag behind, in an excess place it is possible to press wooden rejkoj by means of nails which acts in film in some days. Switches and the sockets which are available on walls, before gluing of all film and rolled materials, it is necessary to remove, and after the work termination to cut out a necessary aperture and to establish them into place.

Pasting of ceilings by film and rolled materials should be carried out by three working. A spadework thus does not differ from works at pasting of walls. The panel smeared with glue develops an accordion and moves to two working above which, having straightened it, press in different places to a surface and smooth. This operation demands skills as to press and smooth wall-paper on a ceiling it is necessary precisely in a place and quickly, differently they can lag behind and fall downwards.

Repair of the damaged sites of the pasted over surface which are in operation, is made as follows. By means of a cardboard or sheet of a dense paper the size of the future patch providing a complete liquidation of damage is marked. On the damaged site the piece of a new material, and over it, to the place of damage, a patch template is imposed. According to a template by means of a sharp knife or the razor the patch together with the damaged site is cut out. The cut out site with damage is torn off from a surface, and on its place is pasted for a payment. Such reception will allow to repair wall-paper with the most difficult drawing. Thin paper wall-paper can be repaired gluing of patches over a damage site. For this purpose it is necessary to do patches figured, repeating drawing elements.

Furnish of door cloths

In apartment also it is possible to finish Door cloths with film and rolled materials instead of painting by oil, enamel or other paints. For furnish of door cloths it is possible to use all materials listed above. However is better for this purpose films on a fabric basis (viniliskozha) and vinisten approach bezosnovnye and samoklejushchiesja films. They become soiled while in service less and are steadier against casual damages.

Preparation under furnish differs nothing from preparation of the plastered surfaces painted by an oil paint. For pasting the door cloth is necessary for removing from loops and to lay on two stools. After zachistki surfaces an emery paper carefully delete a dust a damp sponge or a rag. Then a surface ground and paste over in the sequence described above. It is necessary to consider that the pasted over surface is in horizontal position, therefore bezosnovnye and samoklejushchiesja the films cut on the size, at gluing it is necessary to curtail into rolls and to develop them in the course of gluing, unrolling on a cloth. At gluing samoklejushchejsja films it is necessary to separate partially a protective paper, to fix it on one of edges of a cloth and to unroll a roll, gradually separating a protective paper and smoothing a film with a soft brush and a rag. Thin film materials, such as bezosnovnye or samoklejushchiesja films, it is necessary to paste with napuskom for edges of a door cloth, and after the work termination accurately to cut off a film a sharp knife or the razor on all perimetre.

Sometimes edges of a door cloth zaovaleny that does not allow to cut off exactly a film on all perimetre. In some places it can not be pasted that will be reflected in appearance of doors. Then on perimetre of a door cloth on distance 20 - 30 mm from edge do a groove by depth and width from 4 to 6 mm. A film in advance cut out on the width equal to distance between external edges of a groove. After gluing of edge of a film utaplivajut in a groove into which then on glue insert a polyvinylchloride or kapron plait. It is possible to use also plastic furniture nashchelnik or wooden rejku. In this case it is necessary to provide a corresponding furrow. At pasting of vinyl with a skin or vinistenom, having a considerable thickness, end faces of a door cloth cover with P-shaped apportions. Thus the cloth is necessary for sawing round and ostrogat a plane on all perimetre for a thickness of a wooden apportion.

If a surface of a door cloth rough and to level it it is difficult, it can be fitted viniliskozhej, without pasting on all surface. At natjagivanii viniliskozhi edges bend on an end face of a door and beat shoe nails. An end face, in turn, cover with an apportion on screws with a secret head.

In addition on a theme "Pasting юсю ьш":

the Choice of materials for furnish
Preparation of surfaces
the Upholstery of door cloths with warming and sound insulation

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