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house Building
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Pasting by wall-paper
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About style and a cosiness in The house
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Preparation of surfaces

Before to start furnish by film and rolled materials, the surface is necessary for preparing carefully: to repair, clear; to beat off the top line of pasting; to glue or ogruntovat a surface (drawing see).

Repair and clearing of a surface of pollution includes operations which are described in section 3. 3. Visible cracks are necessary for cutting, closing up a solution and well to jam. After repair the surface should be dried well, then proshlifovat an emery paper, deleting roughnesses and separate grains of sand. Thus it is necessary to consider that at a label of thin rolled materials large grains of sand will prove on a surface in a kind bugorkov, well visible at lateral illumination. It is especially important for bezosnovnyh films which well show the minor defects.

Sequence of operations at pasting by wall-paper and other film materials: and - drawing of a vertical line by means of a plumb; - proklejka surfaces at border of top of wall-paper; in - glue drawing on the back party of panels; g - folding of a panel of wall-paper for podnoski; d - a label of a panel with drawing combination; e - priglazhivanie the pasted panel; - ceiling pasting the Surfaces earlier painted by glutinous or limy paints, completely clear from nabela by means of water and shpatelja. Stains on a wall surface if they can appear through wall-paper, it is necessary to paint over a nitrovarnish, nitroenamel or to stick with a thin aluminium foil. It is not necessary to delete oil colouring. It is necessary for washing out water with soda or with soap and well to dry. A surface painted by enamels, also wash out and clear an emery paper.

If walls are pasted over by simple wall-paper, check, how much strongly they keep. For this purpose it is enough to moisten a surface with water by means of a brush or a spray. There, where wall-paper has lagged behind a wall, there will be swellings. Such places are necessary for clearing. If wall-paper keeps strongly on them it is possible to glue new, preliminary having smoothed out an emery paper separate roughnesses and places of breakage of old wall-paper, and also well having glued their hot paste. All other kinds of the film and rolled materials pasted earlier, are subject to removal.

By preparation under pasting of the surfaces upholstered with dry plaster plaster or gipsokartonnymi by sheets, special attention it is necessary to give zadelke joints and hats of nails. Joints close up plaster shpatlevkoj, paste over with a gauze, then again shpatljujut and smooth out an emery paper. Nails utaplivajut on depth of 1 mm, paint over hats an oil paint, deepenings close up plaster shpatlevkoj and after drying grind.

Surfaces from DSP, DVP and plywood are prepared similarly. Seams in joints of sheets and places of the hats of nails drowned in sheets close up shpatlevkami for wooden products. The dried surfaces grind and clear of a dust. The board surfaces intended under pasting by film and rolled materials, preliminary upholster with a cardboard with the subsequent performance of the operations described above. On the surfaces intended under pasting by simple or moisture resistant wall-paper, after end of operations on zadelke joints and polishing put glue for wall-paper and if it is necessary, paste over with a paper.

On the surfaces intended for pasting by synthetic film materials on paper or fabric bases, and also bezosnovnymi, after procleaning, repair and ogruntovki walls mylovarom, it is made repeated podpravka rough places shpatlevkoj or continuous shpatlevka with the subsequent polishing by pumice and an emery paper. The surface prepared thus is grounded by the dissolved glue provided for a label of the given material. The exception is made by the surfaces intended for pasting by the made foam material on paper or fabric bases - penoplenom. In this case it is possible to be limited only to repair and procleaning of walls with the subsequent ogruntovkoj. The considerable thickness penoplena allows to exclude such operations, as continuous shpatlevka and polishing.

It is necessary for Otbivku of the top line to put in all cases, except the furnish which are carried out to a ceiling. Necessary distance from a ceiling to top it mark a pencil or a chalk in corners of a premise of each wall. Then by means of a cord rubbed with a pigment or coal and tense between two points in different corners on a wall, beat off a line.

However because in some premises the ceiling line is not always horizontal to a mark of the top line of furnish, it is expedient for checking up by means of water level. Water level can be made of a rubber tube in length 400... 500 sm which ends put on glass tubes in length 20... 25 see the Rubber tube fill with water and result in vertical position so that glass tubes were parallel. A water level in tubes mark steklografom. Horizontal position of the top line of furnish is necessary for checking together. A mark in one of glass tubes combine with a mark made on a wall, a mark of other tube, in turn, with other mark in a wall, sovmeshchav simultaneously a water level and marks. If marks are made correctly, their level coincides with a water level.

Proklejka or a first coat of surfaces are carried out by the dissolved glutinous structures or the mastics intended for a label of film and rolled materials. proklejka or the first coat is necessary for fastening of the smallest grains of sand and others pylevidnyh particles which can affect quality of glutinous connection. Before a label of simple paper wall-paper a surface cover with paste, At first do otvodku - promazyvanie walls by a strip 4... 6 sm on a line it is true wall-paper, at apertures, in corners and plinths. Then with the help mahovoj brushes glue all surface.

Paper Gluing is made at primary pasting of walls by wall-paper for the purpose of surface alignment. For this purpose the thin paper (for example, newspaper) which is better pasted to svezheoshtukaturennoj surfaces is used, as a rule. Work is carried out in a following order: the prepared paper cut by identical pieces, is piled; the painting brush puts glue on the top sheet which then is pasted on a wall; the pasted sheet is smoothed with rags before disappearance of wrinkles and bubbles. The thin paper is pasted vnahlestku, more dense paper - end-to-end. After the pasted paper will dry out, all remained wrinkles and roughnesses are smoothed out by an emery paper.

The Surfaces intended under pasting by films on a paper basis, follows ogruntovat drying oil and proshpaklevat, i.e. To prepare how the surface under oil colouring prepares. If wall-paper is pasted on smooth equal surfaces (plaster, concrete), the surface follows ogruntovyvat a solution of glue KMTS, mastics "Bustilat" or "Gumilaks" (depending on what glue will be used for gluing of wall-paper). In the same way ogruntovyvajut a surface for gluing penoplena.

Surfaces under furnish by films on a fabric basis ogruntovyvajut solutions mastin "Bustilat" or "Gumilaks". Surfaces under pasting bezosnovnymi and samoklegashchimisja films, and also vinistenom should prepare the same as under high-quality oil colouring.



In addition on a theme "Pasting юсю ьш":

¦р=хЁшры№
the Choice of materials for furnish
Pasting of surfaces
the Upholstery of door cloths with warming and sound insulation

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