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Kinds of paints

For correct use it is necessary to know precisely a basis and structure of used paints. There are standard marks which help to be guided with various kinds of paints. Paints are made on the basis of various drying oils or polyvinyl acetate ache emulsii, and enamels and varnishes - on the basis of synthetic pitches.

The knitting making A part of a paint is designated by an index from two letters standing near to the name of a paint: MA - vegetable oil or drying oil, GF - gliftalevye varnishes, 11Ф - pentaftalevye, NTS - cellulose nitrate, TO - kremnijorganicheskie varnishes, FA - oil-phenolic varnishes, MCH - mochevinoformaldegidnye pitches, ML - melaminoalkidnye pitches, PVA - on a basis polivinilatsetata, VS - on the basis of copolymers vinilatsetata, PVS - on the basis of polyvinyl spirit, AK - on akrilovyh pitches, Ur - on a basis poliuretanov, MS - on melaminostirolnyh pitches, AU - on alkidnouretakovyh pitches.

The digital designation Following the name specifies in paint appointment. The industry lets out paints for internal and external works, and operational characteristics of these paints are various. Figures 1 and 5 show that the paint is suitable for external and internal works, figure 2 - only for internal, About - first coats, OO - shpatlevki.

The same solvents, thinners, first coats are applied To some kinds of paints and shpatlevki. Such paints are quite compatible among themselves. For example, on drying oils (MA), gliftalovyh (GF), pentaftalevyh (PF) and oil-phenolic (FA) varnishes it is possible to mix paints in various proportions. It is possible to paint with them any designs, the continuous, beautiful, not porous film as a result turns out. This aggressiveness interferes with air exchange. That is such paint is not used at premise painting in which walls and ceilings should "breathe".

To keep air permeability of a surface, is better to take advantage of glutinous paints. However the main lack of glutinous paints consists that with them is more difficult to work.

Glutinous and silicate structures

Glutinous paints more all approach for a covering of ceilings and the top sites of walls as after this sort of drawing of a covering the surface differs porosity. At the expense of the best air exchange the moisture formed in a wall or a ceiling, quickly evaporates. One more advantage of a glutinous paint consists that it is a little subject to action of alkalis.

It would Seem, having such advantages, the glutinous paint should be the leader among similar coverings. However it not absolutely so. At drawing of coverings on the basis of glutinous paints is art-decorative qualities are lost. The very often prepared paint at drying gives other shade. At painting it should be considered.

At the excessive maintenance in a pigment or chalk paint the painted surface is spoilt at contact with it. If there was an overdose glutinous knitting making on a surface often there are stains. To avoid similar troubles, it is necessary to observe accurately a dosage knitting and a pigment.

More often glutinous paints process the brick, concrete and plastered surfaces. As on damp surfaces the glutinous type of a paint quickly descends from the painted surface, is quickly greased, except that, damp glue promotes development of various bacteria and fungi, and it, in turn, leads to mould formation, therefore glutinous paints are recommended to be applied to premises with dry surfaces.

Silicate paints as action of water steams does not destroy them "are not afraid" of Damp premises. The surface turning out as a result of colouring has a small time thanks to which water steams freely circulate. At paint drying on the painted surface the strong film a little subject istiraniju is formed. Besides, the surface which is exposed to influence of a silicate paint, is appreciably cleared at the expense of disinfectant structure of a paint. The paint well lays down on the brick, concrete, plastered surfaces.

The Technics nakatyvanija paints on a basis surface entitles a method of definitive registration of a surface. Walls paint a method nakata more often. Are thus applied porolonovye platens with which help on a wall put a paint necessary kolera. Colouring make in two layers then to a covering allow to dry out. Further the platen with the rubber goffered covering by means of which put a pattern from a paint of more light or dark shade is used. A pattern roll on a surface from top to down, without deviating strictly vertical position and paying steadfast attention to connection of adjacent passes of the platen. Otherwise, drawing will turn out too rough.



In addition on a theme "Painting Furnish яюьхЁхэшщ":

Paints for external works
Painting works
This disobedient wall-paper

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