Building and house arrangement - main
 ::   MAIN  ::  SEARCH  ::  THE FEEDBACK  :: 
house Building
Designing of houses
Building materials
the Base
Walls
Internal partitions
Overlappings
Balconies and verandahs
roof Building
Internal ladders
Windows and doors
Laid floors
Can be useful
Internal furnish and repair
heating System
the Floor in the house
Plaster works
Furnish of walls
premise Furnish
Facing by a tile
Works with a ceiling
Pasting by wall-paper
Can be useful
Design of an interior
About design of an interior
the Vestibule
In a bathroom
Kitchen
the General room
the Children's room
the Balcony and a loggia
Can be useful
Style and a cosiness
About style and a cosiness in The house
the Color climate
Curtains and carpets
Illumination. Light circle
Furniture
Furniture in a new way
the Non-standard interior
the Wall from furniture
the apartment Equipment
Can be useful
Statistics
ru - ua - by - de - fr - en - es
Can be useful

External furnish by decorative plasters

External furnish by the decorative plasters simulating buchardirovannuju the invoice of a natural stone (a granite, marble, etc.) It is conducted in such sequence: on the dried up, preliminary moistened preparatory layer having a notch for the best coupling, put a layer smetanoobraznogo a cement mortal consisting of cement and water, thickness of 1-2 mm. Then without interruption put a layer of a decorative solution in the thickness of 5-6 mm. The mix should be moist. It impose kelmoj on a surface and level. To clear the top layers of cement, a surface wash out water by means of a manual spray (sprayer). For reception of the invoice of a surface of the stone processed "under buchardu", a mix condense with special punching in the sizes 150Х1 50 mm from bronze or stainless steel with a relief surface in the form of acting teeths (as a hammer used at cooking for otbivki of meat). After drying of an obverse layer within three-four days the surface is washed out by 10% th solution of hydrochloric acid, and then - water.

As well as terrazitovaja, finished under a granite, an apartment house from a brick, a stone, shlakoblokov, etc. Can be plastered usual or decorative solutions. Oshtukaturivanie by usual solutions it is carried out in the same sequence in what it is carried out oshtukaturivanie internal surfaces. Surface preparation to oshtukaturivaniju includes clearing of a dust, a dirt and stains, srubku solution flows, zadelku hollows, and also a notch of smooth surfaces. For the purpose of definition of a deviation of surfaces and sides from a vertical and a horizontal it is necessary to make adjustment of walls by means of a plumb and a cord.

Beacons on a plastered surface should be established on corners of the house and at window apertures with step 150-200 the Thickness of beacons see should equal to a thickness of a preparatory layer. Nabryzgi the ground, i.e. a preparatory layer, put consistently: at first - nabryzg on all surface, then - a ground well condensed and levelled on beacons. A preparatory layer for maintenance of strong coupling with nakryvochnym a layer of 3-5 mm on distance from each other 30-40 mm cut wavy lines depth. In process tverdenija the prepared layer within a week it needs to be closed a bast mat, a sacking, sheets pergamine, etc. From a direct hit of solar beams and a strong wind, and also regularly to moisten with water to three - five times a day.

The Finishing or decorative layer (nakryvka) is put later 7-10 sut after drawing preparatory. Before the beginning of works it is necessary to humidify a finished surface. The finishing layer can be usual, intended under colouring, nabryzg, etc. Or decorative. To external furnish of the house apply usual plaster (cement-limy, cement, izvestkovo-clay, etc.) solutions. To drawing of a decorative layer apply izvestkovo-sandy, terrazitovyj and kamnevidnyj decorative solutions or the solutions simulating marble, a granite, etc.

Izvestkovo-sandy colour plasters on appearance simulate sandstone. Colour gives to plaster napolnitel or a pigment. The solution is put on the prepared layer in two-three receptions by thickness of a layer by of 5-15 mm and level semigraters. After shvatyvanija it moisten with water two-four times a day, and in sunny days curtain a damp sacking, a bast mat, etc.

Not Hardened finishing layer can be processed by means of a broom, a brush, a brush (tortsevanie or nabryzg), and also protjagivaniem a template or punching. For example, at surface furnish under stones, at first put drawing of breakdown of stones a cord, then a rule press through or cut rusty, forming seams between stones and after that give to stones the invoice nabryzgom a broom, tortsevaniem brushes, punchings, etc. the Semihardened solution it is possible to jam a grater. Zatirku make on a measure shvatyvanija a solution round, doing whenever possible identical spiraleobraznye one-way traffics.

The Invoice under "travertin" receive as follows: on the prepared surface separate throws apply a thin film a colour solution, slightly smoothing down then steel poluterkom. Thus a plane completely with a solution do not fill, therefore receive the invoice in the form of cavities on a smooth background which reminds the invoice of a decorative stone travertina.

For reception of relief drawing on nezaterdevshej the plastered surface it is possible to use stamps and platens. Depth of a relief is provided, as a rule, no more by than 5 mm. The stamp or the platen cut out from a tree or elastic rubber or produce from nonferrous metal. The sizes of a stamp can be from 10Х10 to 50X50 see For convenience of work to a stamp krepjat the handle, and the platen put on an axis attached to the handle. Drawing can be simple, for example in the form of a rhombus, rusta etc., however at repeated repetition of such relief the plastic decorative surface turns out.

Ways of impressive furnish of front premises: and - by means of a rigid brush; - nabryzg a brush Before nakatkoj or shtampovaniem ogruntovannuju the surface is necessary for dividing on zahvatki by means of a cord and a ruler. Zahvatka represents a site which can be processed a stamp or the platen during 2 ch before its hardening. Then a surface in limits zahvatki moisten, put a solution, level poluterkom, smooth down steel gladilkoj, cut off on lines zahvatki and start to shtampovaniju or to nakatke the platen. The stamp and the platen periodically moisten with liquid lubricating oil or soap emulsiej. It is necessary to put the First row of relief drawing on a line zahvatki, noted by means of a cord, other prints should keep within closely to each other.

It is possible to apply also the invoice "under a fur coat", received nabryzgom a solution through a grid or strjahivaniem it from a broom or from a brush. The grid can be made most. For this purpose on a wooden framework in the sizes 100 or 10ОХ150 sm pull a metal grid with cells of 2,5-10,0 mm. On cells depends krupnost invoices. That the frame in the course of work was on identical distance from a finished surface, to it beat limiting laths-racks in length 10 … 25 It see will allow to receive the uniform invoice on all surface. For drawing of the invoice a frame put to a ground surface so that it concerned racks-terminators. A solution throw a shovel from the falcon through a grid. Flying by through a grid, it breaks into separate splashes, forming bugorki.

Nabryzg from a broom is carried out as follows. In the right hand take an ordinary birch broom, and in left - a stick. A broom periodically lower in a bucket with a solution and strike about a folder which hold at a wall. The invoice "under a fur coat" can be received also with the help shchetinnoj brushes which, having dipped into a solution, bring to a finished surface. A solution shake from a brush a stick, spending it on a bristle (drawing see).

Terrazitovuju put plaster after the preparatory layer will harden on all surface. Before drawing of a decorative solution a surface plentifully moisten with water. To put a layer it is necessary in one step on the area limited rustami, pilasters, window apertures, etc. A solution put in the usual way for two-three times depending on a thickness nakryvochnogo a layer and level a semigrater. After that plaster during approximately 24 ch (depending on air temperature) should dry out until the top layer at zatirke does not start to be showered. Then start definitive furnish of a plastered surface - tsiklevke which is made by a special grater - a board in the sizes 150Х150 and thickness 20X25 mm. In a grater in chessboard order with distance 15 mm fill the nails acting on 10-15 mm. This grater from top to down spend on a surface of an obverse layer therefore separate grains of gravel drop out of it.
The surface turns out porous with small deepenings from getting enough sleep gravel and partially a solution. Terrazitovaja plaster becomes smooth on all surface or with rustami, cutting a facade on separate sites. Separate defects of an obverse layer in this case are less appreciable. For achievement of the big decorative effect at oshtukaturivanii window and door slopes on perimetre of apertures on a facade it is necessary to do frameworks in the thickness of 2,0-2,5 sm painted then in white colour.

Work on drawing of the decorative plasters simulating buchardirovannuju the invoice of a natural stone (a granite, marble, etc.) It is conducted in such sequence: on the dried up, preliminary moistened preparatory layer having a notch for the best coupling, put a layer smetanoobraznogo a cement mortal consisting of cement and water, thickness of 1-2 mm; then without interruption put a layer of a decorative solution in the thickness of 5-6 mm. The mix should be moist. It impose kelmoj on a surface and level. To clear the top layers of cement, a surface wash out water by means of a manual spray (sprayer). For reception of the invoice of a surface of the stone processed "under buchardu", a mix condense with special punching in the sizes 150Х150 mm from bronze or stainless steel with a relief surface in the form of acting teeths (as a hammer used at cooking for otbivki of meat). After drying of an obverse layer within three-four days the surface is washed out by 10% th solution of hydrochloric acid, and then - water. As well as terrazitovaja, finished "under a granite" plaster can be smooth on all surface or rustovannoj. Rusty allow to carry out a finishing layer without visible joints of sites of work for one working day.

For cutting rustov it is possible to use the special adaptation consisting from fastened among themselves two equal reek in length of 2,0-2,5 m with a gleam between them in width of 10-12 mm. The adaptation put to a surface and by means of a cutting torch or masterka cut out rust. Then, having moved rejki upwards and downwards, mow down sides rusta. "Marbled" plaster is carried out similarly. However at solution manufacturing it is necessary to use a white marble crumb in a combination to white cement. At addition of natural pigments in a solution with white cement it is possible to receive colour furnish of an obverse surface. Plaster with quartz sand anositsja on a preparatory layer of 2-3 mm also is carefully rubbed clean in the thickness. The dried up obverse plaster coat is washed out 5% by th solution of hydrochloric acid, and then water.

For oshtukaturivanija walls from samana use three-layer plaster from the clay Or glinosolomennogo, limy and difficult cement solutions. In the beginning on samannuju a wall put a clay solution, in which in certain cases utaplivajut Splinters of a tile or brick pieces. From above stack limy, and then nabryzgivajut Cement-limy solution. Sometimes one of walls leave plastered glinosolomennym Solution into which brick fight or tile pieces is pressed. Nabryzg make Broom from birch rods in length of 50 sm which strike about a stick. Carry out nabryzg in some layers (from 3 to 12).

For reception of a relief surface on svezheulozhennom a plaster layer use the stamps produced from a piece of a board on which geometrical drawing is cut out or the wooden and metal elements creating the necessary ornament are filled. Svezheulozhennyj a plaster layer process also "comb" from a tree or the rubber, representing that other, as gear shpatel. The furrowed invoice depth of 3-4 mm turns out. In some cases the elements of the ornament which has been squeezed out in plaster, allocate also with colour that allows to achieve still bolshej decorative effect of a surface. One of the most ancient and traditional kinds of decorative furnish of the house is woodcarving. It use for an ornament of a crowning part of a window, elements of a roof, doors. Various kinds of a carving - a flat carving, a through cut, etc.

are applied

Effective and accessible means of increase of architecturally-art expressiveness of the house - a wall list. Most often it place in the top part of a wall over windows, sometimes between windows and over dvermi. List drawing, as a rule, has the plane decision. The most typical vegetative ornament consisting of colours, fruits, etc.
Masters of last times used the earthen paints representing colour clay, soot, a chalk, a blue for a list. Various broths and tinctures which gave steady colour, for example broth of a peel of onions, tincture from a bark of an oak, a nutshell, etc.

were applied also

In areas where as a local material the natural stone serves, apply a carving on a stone. For this purpose use stones of soft breeds which are easily processed by the manual tool. From a stone produce the decorative elements finishing pediments dvuskatnyh of roofs, ogolovki chimneys, etc. rather new reception of decorative registration of the house - a relief composition. Elements of a relief ornament mould or stamp from clay or cast from plaster. The received elements fix on a house facade, on a pediment, under windows, at an input etc. In some cases relief drawing allocate with colour that strengthens decorative effect of an ornament.

On a house facade it is recommended to apply plaster To reception of durable multi-colour relief drawings sgraffito, representing some thin layers of a solution of different colours on which cut out necessary drawing. The technology of drawing of a preparatory layer for plaster sgraffito does not differ from described earlier for other kinds of plasters. Before drawing nakryvochnyh layers a ground moisten with water and as soon as it will be absorbed, start to work. Layers put a shovel from the falcon or namazyvaniem from the falcon or a semigrater. Structure of a plaster solution the same, as for usual plaster for external works. Difference consists that at manufacturing of a solution for drawing of each layer it is necessary to enter pigments for colour reception. The first layer is put in the thickness 7-8, by the subsequent - 3-5 mm. At multilayered plaster it is possible to put last layer a brush.

Thus, nakryvochnyj the layer consists of several layers, from which bottom, for example, red, following - dark blue, the third - green and last - white. A necessary ornament cut out on a damp, soft solution not later than through 5-6 ch after drawing. For reception of contours of drawing use cliches from a cardboard. Drawing is better to put on plaster a tampon from a gauze in which there is a pigment or a chalk. After drawing of drawing by a cutter or a sharp knife cut contours of the top layer to following for it and vytsarapyvajut the top layer. In the same way cut out other elements of an ornament in the subsequent layers.

Plaster sgraffito can be executed also in more simple way - on templates. However this way is comprehensible only to simple ornaments with simple geometrical drawing. For this purpose from DVP or plywood produces templates with elements of the future drawing. One of templates will serve for background reception, another - for manufacturing, for example, house numbers. Plaster coats put in the next way. A template in the form of a plywood piece in which the rectangle for a background is cut out, put to a wall and fill with a colour solution, for example black. After template removal on a wall surface there will be a black rectangle. After the solution will a little dry up, from above stack and fix figure of number of the house, cut out of DVP, and round it put a solution of yellow colour. Then a figure template clean. As a result on plaster deepening in the form of figure of black colour on an acting yellow background turns out. In the same way, having made other template, it is possible to receive the acting figure.



In addition on a theme "Plaster Ёрсю=№":

Plaster works
plaster Repair

Back | the Beginning