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house Building
Designing of houses
Building materials
the Base
Walls
Internal partitions
Overlappings
Balconies and verandahs
roof Building
Internal ladders
Windows and doors
Laid floors
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Internal furnish and repair
heating System
the Floor in the house
Plaster works
Furnish of walls
premise Furnish
Facing by a tile
Works with a ceiling
Pasting by wall-paper
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Design of an interior
About design of an interior
the Vestibule
In a bathroom
Kitchen
the General room
the Children's room
the Balcony and a loggia
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Style and a cosiness
About style and a cosiness in The house
the Color climate
Curtains and carpets
Illumination. Light circle
Furniture
Furniture in a new way
the Non-standard interior
the Wall from furniture
the apartment Equipment
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Statistics
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About roof building

We Will begin, as always, that we will understand with various types of roofs. Their basic division on flat and skatnye for us has no special value, since. At building of individual apartment houses flat roofs practically are not constructed.

Skatnye of a roof share on:

  • odnoskatnye, leaning against unequal height external walls;
  • dvuhskatnye, in the form of two planes leaning against walls of identical height;
  • poluvalmovye, too dvuhskatnye with the cut off tops over face walls in a kind valm, i.e. Triangles;
  • valmovye, obrazuemye two triangular and two trapezoid face skatamivalmami;
  • o tent, in the form of four triangular slopes with oсходящимися in one point tops.

Constructive elements of a roof: 1 - obreshetka; 2 – a flooring; 3 - slate; 4-mauerdat; 5 – rafters Besides, roofs are divided on garret and bescherdachnye. The attic used frequently as a penthouse or an economic premise, serves also for dwelling airing, in it chimneys take places. It provides possibility of supervision over a condition of a roof and its repair. In connection with necessity of observance of norms of fire safety the minimum height of a garret in a pass place should be not less 1,6м.

The Design of any type of a roof has the general elements (drawing see). Them concern directly the roof, the uppermost gidro both a heat-insulation layer and a bearing design in the form of rafters and the flooring made on them or obreshetki.

 



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