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the Waterproofing of the bases

the device Scheme otmostkov: 1 - a cement mortal; 2 - a beaten brick, tseben; 3 - clay; 4 - a ground; 5 - a water waste flute; 6 – the base Now about protection - waterproofings of the base of your construction from a moisture. For this purpose, first of all, it is necessary to make so-called otmostki. Their width makes to 1 m with an obligatory bias of a surface from a wall. Round the base the layer of earth of 1015 sm acts in film in the thickness, instead of it clay which forms a necessary bias is fallen asleep and rammed. From above on it the layer of rubble or a beaten brick with sand, on it a cement mortal keeps within. Otmostka okantovyvaetsja a drainage flute which is concreted or the pipe sawn lengthways simply keeps within it.

On socle top the waterproofing necessarily keeps within. It can consist of a cement mortal layer in 23 sm of a thickness which after zheleznenija and drying is dimmed by one layer of roofing material. For zheleznenija which well protects construction from dampness penetration, it is possible to strew a fresh solution on socle top a thin layer of dry cement which is good for smoothing down. At drying the layer not passing a moisture is formed.

the device Scheme otmostkov: 1 - a cement mortal; 2 - a beaten brick, tseben; 3 - clay; 4 - a ground; 5 - a water waste flute; 6 – the base is applied To a waterproofing of the bases bitumen mastic from equal weight parts of bitumen and a chalk or 1 part of bitumen and 0,5 sifted slaked to exhaust. The thickness of a layer should make to 1 sm, put it better not at once, and in 2 3 receptions. It is even more reliable to cover top of the base with mastic and roofing material twice. The layer of a waterproofing of the base should be at height approximately in 20 sm from a ground surface.

Time we speak about protection against a moisture let's mention at once in this respect and basements. In them, except a usual waterproofing on socle top, protection is put also on a floor and walls. If UGV below a cellar floor its external walls become covered by a double layer of bitumen. The floor is rammed by a layer of clay in the thickness to 25 sm, on it 5 sm of a concrete solution keep within. When the solution dries up, becomes covered by bitumen mastic and two layers of roofing material. Further the concrete layer which is levelled and zheleznitsja again follows. When UGV above a floor, work becomes to other. Outside of a wall zashtukaturivajutsja a cement solution, then become covered by bitumen mastic and roofing material, then again mastic. This layer should be a minimum on 0,5 m above UGV. The aperture between a ground and a cellar wall is hammered by clay. On a cellar floor the clay layer as it was told above is rammed, and are spent almost as all other works, only concrete layers should be twice thicker.

In addition on a theme "Иѕэфрьхэ=":

the Spadework
base Kinds

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